Landscape design is the art of modifying the visible features of an outdoor area for the purpose of enhancing its aesthetic appeal. There are 7 principles of landscape design to follow in order to create attractive outdoor scenery.
A well-planned landscape design contains elements that have a visual weight that is either equal or in the right proportions. There are two ways to achieve balance in a landscape design, namely, symmetrical and asymmetrical. In symmetrical balance, you will have elements that are reflective from right to left and vice versa, like a mirror image. In asymmetrical balance, the visual weight of the elements from one side should be in the right proportions to the other but not necessarily identical. To aid this, you can make use of textures and patterns to visually balance the spaces.
Creating a main point of interest is another principle that can make your landscape design memorable. A focal point is important because it creates a dominant visual interest that will urge the viewer to explore the other features of the design. Play with texture, form, size, or color in creating your focal point. It is critical that you do not create too many focal points, otherwise, it will defeat its purpose.
An effective landscape design is clean and easy to understand. If there are too many plant species, decors, textures, or colors, the landscape will look cluttered. Contrasting elements will make the design complicated. Remove any element, whether it is a plant or a decor that does not add value to the design. Once this principle is achieved, the landscape will bring a sense of calm to the viewer.
The placement order of each element should follow a visually appealing pattern. Textures and sizes should be taken into consideration in arranging landscapes. Plants should be placed gradually according to size. Consider sequencing bigger plants behind the smaller ones. Any sudden change in size, shape, and texture, in the alignment, can cause the design to be chaotic. A well-sequenced landscape will give the viewer a smooth and ordered progression that’s pleasant to the eyes.
This principle will not only help entice but also retain attention. Unity refers to the interconnection of the different features in your landscape. If the individual feature complements the other feature in the design, then there is unity. Repetition and continuity are the basic concepts that you can play with to achieve unity. Elements such as plant species, texture, color, and form can create unity if they are repeatedly and harmoniously placed. It can also create a continuous flow of elements that are easy and pleasant to look at.
Variety is the principle that adds flavor to the landscape design. Adding diversity can create a healthy amount of contrast that will prevent your design from being bland or boring. Variety can be achieved by placing the lighter or darker plants together in a way that they stand out. Too much unity, balance, and simplicity will put your design in danger of being monotonous. Mend this by creating a variety that can make your design even more interesting.
Proportion refers to how the sizes of each element are connected to the whole landscape. If there is a good connection between the elements in terms of size, then you can say that you have achieved proportion. It is an important element that helps you create a visually pleasing landscape.